Posts tagged ‘fluoroscopy’

August 4, 2014

We Love… Get Your Rear In Gear!

Katie Couric VF 2012 Shankbone 2 by via david_shankbone Flickr Copright Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)To end this series on GI imaging, we thought we’d shine a light of hope and health by talking about an organization we love… Colon Cancer Coalition!

 

This is an amazing group of people dedicated to the knowledge that early detection of colon cancer saves lives! Their mission?

 

“Empower local communities to promote prevention and early detection of colon cancer and to provide support to those affected.”

 

Katie Couric, through her own personal loss and resilience, has helped make colorectal cancer a nationally known and talked about  issue (and for this we are grateful). The Colon Cancer Coalition reminds us to Get Your Rear In Gear! This program in cities across the US funnels money back into the participating cities, supporting local education and screening efforts. Check for events in your community here.

 

Early detection is the key to saving lives from colon cancer which is a largely preventable disease – in most cases, colon cancer starts from small growths called polyps. If these are found early, no colon cancer will develop! From a healthy diet and exercise to regular check-ups and knowing the signs of colon cancer, we can all make a difference. Regular screening with colonoscopy at age 50 for folks of average risk can and will make a difference.

 

Catch up with the Coalition on Twitter. (We follow them too.)

 

Time to celebrate life – and kick cancer’s butt!

 

 

(Image credit: Katie Couric VF 2012 Shankbone 2 by david_shankbone via Flickr Copyright Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))

 

 

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health at www.mammographykc.com and general radiology at www.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

 

July 18, 2014

Imaging of the Lower GI

Barium and Air lower GIYou would probably not consider a barium enema an exam to add to your bucket list, but this imaging study of the colon has the potential to save lives and diagnose many different conditions of the large intestine. While not the most pleasant test we perform, it does create beautiful (ok – we think they’re beautiful!) images of the colon, allowing us to find problems and prevent future ones.

 

So, why would you need an imaging study of the lower gastrointestinal (lower GI) tract?

 

A barium enema shows the anatomy of the large intestine or colon. Colonoscopy allows direct visualization of the mucosal lining and the inside of your colon through a long endoscope, and is often the first study performed for evaluation of the colon. Barium enema is an alternative means of imaging the colon that is less invasive, but not as sensitive at finding some things (especially smaller polyps). Your doctor may recommend lower GI imaging if you have the following symptoms:

 

  • blood in stools
  • change in bowel habits
  • constipation
  • excessive or chronic diarrhea
  • inexplicable weight loss
  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • pain in the abdominal region
  • to screen for colon cancer – colonoscopy or CT colonography are often the studies of choice; if colonoscopy cannot reach all of the colon, barium enema may be used to screen the part of the colon not seen; screening for colon cancer is important as most colon cancers start as small growths called polyps – if such polyps are removed, no cancer will develop!

 

How do you prepare for lower GI imaging? What’s to expect?

 

Tests of the lower GI are performed… carefully. In order to find masses or abnormalities of the mucosal lining, the colon must be completely empty. A preliminary prep to accomplish this is necessary for most studies. It will require fasting for a time period, around 24 hours. The prep will include a combination of laxatives and enemas with the goal that all particulate matter is eliminated from your system by the morning of the test. Any medications necessary should be taken with a small amount of water.

 

We occasionally do the study on children. Special preparations may or may not be necessary depending on the age of the child and the conditions being evaluated.

 

The test involves radiation, so will not be used on pregnant women or those who might be pregnant. Let your radiologist know if you have an allergy to latex.

 

We will start the procedure with a preliminary x-ray or film of your abdomen. This allows the radiologist to make sure the prep has worked and the colon is empty. It also allows us to assess for signs the test should not be done, such as when there is a possible obstruction or bowel perforation. The exam involves placing a catheter into the rectum, where a small balloon is inflated. Barium is introduced through the catheter into the rectum by gravity. Room air is then introduced. We use fluoroscopy to get the right amount of barium and air into and coating the colon. This will involve changing your position on the table (lots of rolling!) and changing the table position. Once the colon mucosa is coated with barium and distended with air, a series of x-rays in dedicated positions will be taken so that all parts of your colon will be seen.

 

It will help you tolerate the study if you concentrate on breathing – this actually relaxes the muscles in the wall of the colon, lessening any cramping you may experience.

What do we look for when imaging the lower intestinal tract?

 

We can find a wealth of information from the health of the mucosal lining to blockages. We will assess for normal anatomy and look for signs that all of your colon, from the rectum to the cecum,  is seen. We can evaluate for:

 

  • tumors – both benign polyps and cancers
  • diverticular disease – diverticula are saccular outpouchings from the colon wall which can become inflamed
  • inflammation as can be seen in inflammatory bowel disease or colitis
  • strictures or narrowings
  • blockages in children, as from Hirschsprung’s disease or from intussusception, which can also be treated and reduced with a barium enema

 

What happens after a lower GI exam?

Your radiologist will review all of the films. Once all areas of the colon have been well-seen, the catheter will be removed and you will be allowed to the restroom. Images after using the restroom may or may not be needed.

 

Your radiologist will evaluate all of your images and the final report will be sent to your referring physician.

 

Be sure to drink plenty of water following the procedure. This is needed to flush the remaining contrast agents from you system. You can resume your normal diet immediately.

 

The well-being of your gastrointestinal system is important, and the barium enema is an imaging tool which can provide valuable information, keeping you on the road to your best possible health.

 

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

July 16, 2014

Upper GI Pain and Imaging

UGI imagingEver wondered what happens when you swallow or what your stomach looks like? Upper GI (gastrointestinal) and esophagrams are tests used to assess  the first part of the gastrointestinal system and can be used to answer these questions and much more.

 

Why would you need one of these tests?

These exams may be used for a variety of symptoms including but not limited to:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Epigastric pain
  • Heartburn or other symptoms of reflux disease including chest pain or discomfort, a burning sensation, or excessive burping; more unusual symptoms of reflux can include sinusitis, anosmia (loss of smell), aspiration, and chronic cough.
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Choking
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in stools
  • Ulcers

 

Prior to the study:

It is very important that a patient coming in for an upper GI imaging procedure not eat or drink anything after midnight the day before the exam. In order to look at the structures and anatomy, the stomach and esophagus must be empty. Even a small amount of water can keep the contrast material from coating and sticking to the lining of the structures which would limit what the radiologist can see. Due to radiation exposure UGI imaging is not used in women who are or may be pregnant.

 

It is okay to eat and drink before an esophagram.

 

You will change into a gown, removing all clothing that has metal. We don’t want metal buttons, zippers or underwires hiding any of your lovely GI structures!

How are the tests done?

For an UGI we start with a preliminary x-ray or image of the abdomen- this makes sure there is no blockage before we begin the test. In order to optimally see your GI tract on x-ray using fluoroscopy, we have to give you a contrast material by mouth. General GI imaging can be done with contrast material such as barium and crystals of gas – the barium lines the esophagus (the connection from the mouth to the stomach) and the stomach; the crystals create gas which expands the organs, allowing radiologists to beautifully see the mucosal lining.

 

The contrast travels thru the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum; observing real-time with fluoroscopy allows us to see function as well as anatomy.

 

Images are obtained of all parts of the upper GI tract, usually starting with you positioned upright and then horizontal. fluoroscopy allows a real time look at what is happening.  X-ray images are also recorded for better detail.

 

For an esophagram, we focus on the pharynx and esophagus only, using oral contrast agents, gas and sometimes foods like crackers coated with barium paste.

 

What can be found using these tests?

  • masses- anywhere along the upper GI tract; these can be benign like polyps or cancerous;
  • ulcers (gastric or duodenal);
  • hiatal hernia (a condition where the stomach is positioned above the diaphragm predisposing to reflux disease and it’s complications like Barrett’s esophagus which is a pre-cancerous condition; this is one of the reasons to not ignore your reflux symptoms!);
  • reflux -we can see the barium going from the stomach back up into the esophagus- we will try different positions and maneuvers to try to elicit reflux;
  • esophagitis or gastritis-conditions of inflammation from many different causes;
  • congenital abnormalities-sometimes the upper GI tract is not connected normally or there may be congenital cysts or masses along the upper GI tract;
  • motility disorders- most often of the esophagus; imaging real-time allows us to see how your upper GI tract is functioning
  • swallowing disorders

What happens after the test?

The radiologist may be able to discuss some of your results at the end of the test. A final report will be made by your radiologist after reviewing all of the images, with the official report going to your doctor.

 

We will ask that you drink lots of fluids to help flush the barium out of the system! (Besides, drinking water is good for you no matter what!). You can resume your normal diet immediately.

 

Upper GI exams can result in amazing images and can be a key to diagnosis of a wide variety of conditions. Seeing your body in action helps us keep you on the road to your best possible health!

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

July 14, 2014

What Is Fluoroscopy?

IFFluoroscopy is a way of imaging the body using x-rays that allows a radiologist to view the body in motion. A special machine uses low-dose x-rays that are sent through the body while the radiologist is observing the area of interest. Images project on a screen in the room.  Most commonly, this technology is used for imaging the gastrointestinal tract, the genitourinary tract, joints, and for guiding interventional procedures of many types.

 

For studies using fluoroscopy, you will be placed on a table. The table can be positioned in upright and horizontal positions, depending on what part of the body is being examined. For gastrointestinal studies, the table may be moved during the procedure, and you will be asked to change positions as well so that all of the area of interest is seen optimally.

 

For many procedures using fluoroscopy, some type of contrast material will be used to let us see the area of interest – including barium for the gastrointestinal tract and iodine for the genitourinary system among others.

 

In addition to the images on the screen in the room, additional images will be recorded, again using x-rays to give better detail of the areas of interest. These are similar to other x-rays obtained of the body.

 

Fluoroscopy is an amazing way of seeing the body and its parts in real-time. We will be further discussing this technique in viewing the gastrointestinal system in upcoming posts.

(Image credit: Fluoroscope by Zereshk via Wikimedia Commons Copyright Public Domain)

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

 

June 30, 2014

Introducing… Indy!

independence-officeIn our final installment of the “Introducing Diagnostic Imaging Centers” series, we’d like to introduce our Independence, Missouri location.

 

Indy, as it is affectionately known, is a wonderful clinic full of compassionate staff and expert radiologists. Found at 4911 Arrowhead Drive, it is conveniently located near the intersection of highways 70 and 470/291.

 

As at most of our offices, we offer a full range of modalities: breast imaging, CT, DEXA (bone density), MRI (both traditional and “open”), nuclear medicine, ultrasound, fluoroscopy and x-ray. Walk-in appointments are available for many modalities, including CT and mammography – have some time? Come on by and our dedicated staff will take care of you!

 

Our patients love the care they receive at this office – from the smiles at the front desk to the above and beyond care they get from technologists to doctors. With good-humored colleagues, the Indy team is serious about their work and lighthearted in their approach to life. From the front desk, to the technologists, they embrace their tasks with professionalism while putting patients at ease. If you require imaging procedures, you have a choice in where to go and the DIC staff at our Independence office and at all of our facilities appreciate you choosing to come to us.

 

Passionate about top quality imaging care, the team at Indy has passions beyond their work. From the Komen Foundation to Head for the Cure to gardening and grandkids, DIC-ers are a caring lot. For our staff, caring about people is more than a job.

 

But to quote LaVar Burton, you don’t have to take our word for it… here’s what our patients had to say about their experiences at our Independence office:

 

“Nikki (front desk) is awesome and smiles every time I am here!”

 

“Stephen went above and beyond for services. Dr. Koury went even farther, if that is possible. Many thanks to both of them!”

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

 

May 28, 2014

Introducing… Overland Park Women’s Center!

Dancing by Katri Niemi via Flickr Copyright Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)Ever heard of the Mammogram Dance? Neither had we… until we did it. Just another day at the office at Diagnostic Imaging Centers’ Women’s Center.

 

How does such a thing happen? It starts with people. Not just patients, not just staff… but people. Friendly people, nervous people, excited people – we have all kinds of people walk in the doors of the Women’s Center in Overland Park.

 

The Women’s Center is part of our Overland Park office – this imaging suite in the big building at the corner of College Blvd and Nall is dedicated to mammography, breast ultrasound and DEXA (bone density) scans. We will see men at this office – men sometimes need breast imaging or DEXA studies.

 

Our front desk works to put you at ease. Our technologists are trained to not only be specialists in their chosen fields but also in their bedside manner. And our patients aren’t just a number. We strive to tailor the exam to whatever it is you need most. Which brings us back to the dancing and the day of our mammogram dance.

 

There was no music, no disco balls or strobe lighting. There was a woman, dutifully coming in for her annual screening mammogram. There was her toddler grandson. And then there was a quiet, empty waiting room. How else to kill the time and shake off a little nervous energy? We danced.

 

WE danced – first the little boy started bopping about, then his grandmother got in on it, next thing you know, the DIC staff was shakin’ it up like the best of ‘em. Surely, a sight to behold if anyone had walked in on us – but nevermind that. Everyone laughed and felt better about their day from that point forward.

 

Magic happens when people care about each other. And magic happens everyday at the Women’s Center at Diagnostic Imaging Centers. If you want to see for yourself, head on down to suite 110 at 5520 College Boulevard in Overland Park, KS. We provide mammograms with immediate results, and follow-up imaging (such as ultrasound) the same day if needed. We can’t promise a dance every day – but you never know!

(Image credit: Dancing by Katri Niemi via Flickr Copyright Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0))

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

May 19, 2014

Introducing Diagnostic Imaging Centers’ Overland Park Location (Part 1)

It’s Monday! Back to work and time to introduce you to our office in Overland Park, Kansas, just off the highway at College and Nall.

 

photoIn Overland Park, our office has grown over the years, and we have three separate office suites at the same site capable of fulfilling all of your imaging needs. In the multi-story building we have a general radiology center and a women’s health suite;  the adjacent one-story building is the site for MRI, open MRI and CT exams.

 

The general radiology suite (#100) is home to a team of 13 employees, ranging in specialities from fluoroscopic imaging to ultrasound, to nuclear medicine. Our front desk staff will greet you with a smile. If you have need to speak with our medical records staff, this is the office where they are located – although they can be reached by calling any of our offices.

 

What’s really great about this team of employees isn’t just their expertise in their fields of work but their attitude as a team.

 

First off, they are a team – truly working together to help each other out. This attitude of togetherness is focused on taking care of our patients as expertly and quickly as possible. From the moment someone walks in the door, our Overland Park staff aim to put people at ease and bring comfort to a procedure which may be stressful. The Overland Park office is comfortable with and has experience imaging patients of all ages – children needing imaging tests and their parents will be reassured to know we can handle children’s special imaging needs. We perform lots of fluoroscopic procedures at this office, including barium studies of the GI tract, arthrograms (special studies to look at the joints) and hysterosalpingograms or HSGs to help look for patency of the uterine tubes in women trying to become pregnant. Many of our patients are comforted to know that results can be phoned to their doctor’s office immediately.

 

Our employees are not only talented and well- educated – they are genuine people with passions for great causes (everything from the ASPCA to the Humane Society to Miles for Melanoma Research Foundation). They enjoy their part in meeting your health care needs and are passionate about caring for people as individuals. If you need a hand to hold during a procedure (don’t worry – many do!) or are so happy when you’re done you need a hug (don’t be surprised – many do!) our technologists are the folks there to help you out!

 

We like to share on our blogs what to expect when it comes to medical imaging, but we also like to share what to expect when you meet us. We want you to feel safe and comfortable. We often say we work for your best possible health, and our Overland Park Kansas team hopes to meet your imaging needs completely. Thanks for letting us help you.

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

April 29, 2014

Case Study: Pyloric Stenosis or “Why Babies Get Ultrasounds”

pyloric stenosis

pyloric stenosis

We don’t like to expose infants to radiation, however sometimes we need to take a look inside. (Cue celebratory music…) This is why ultrasound is so fabulous! It’s real-time, harmless, noninvasive, short-lived and highly helpful.

 

Today’s case study covers an instance of an 8-week-old male infant with pyloric stenosis. Classically this disorder occurs at 2-8 weeks of age in male infants. The disorder is most common in Caucasian males and can run in families. The infants present with forceful projectile vomiting that can get progressively worse. Poor weight gain often results. Such was the case with this little one.

 

Today, we use ultrasound to image kids that are suspected of having pyloric stenosis (back in the old days we made the diagnosis with an upper GI exam done with fluoroscopy and X-rays – no longer necessary for the majority).  With ultrasound we use a probe gently placed on the baby’s abdomen to image the pylorus, a muscle which sits at the connection between the stomach and the small intestine. Ultrasound allows us to see the overdeveloped muscle that causes blockage between the stomach and the small intestine, impeding the progress of milk out of the stomach – vomiting and weight loss follow!

 

This condition is highly treatable after the diagnosis is made. Most often, simple surgery to open the muscle is used to put an infant back on track to weight gain and health. Here’s one more example of how ultrasound has impacted little lives. We love to image soundly!

Diagnostic Imaging Centers blogs on regularly about women’s health atwww.mammographykc.com and general radiology atwww.diagnosticimagingcenterskc.com. Visit our sites for more helpful information!

 

August 8, 2013

Arthrography: what does it require? what does it do? – Dr. Angela Noto